Pollutant management practices are used to focus interventions only where they are needed to improve and sustain soil fertility and productivity while minimizing risks to the environment, and to immobilize or adsorb contaminants from polluted soil. They address the soil threat of soil borne pests and diseases.
SQAPP includes 27 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.
- Integrated pest and disease management
- Integrated nutrient management
- Automated targeting
Grazing management practices are used to regulate the amount of grazing time and consumption levels in a pasture in order to prevent overgrazing and soil degradation. They address the soil threats of erosion, compaction and poor soil structure.
SQAPP includes 25 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.
- Controlled and rotational grazing
- Area closure
- Pasture monitoring
- Avoidance of pugging in paddocks
Carbon and nutrient management practices are used to increase nutrient availability for crops, increase soil organic matter, improve soil structure, provide protection to the soil from wind and water erosion, reduce evaporation and suppress weeds. They address the soil threats of poor soil structure and poor water holding capacity, erosion and soil organic matter decline.
SQAPP includes 53 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.
- Liquid manure or slurry
- Animal manure
- Inorganic fertilizers
- Green manure
- Leguminous crops
- Retaining crop residues
- In situ composting
- Mulching with pruning materials
- Straw mulching
Pest control management practices are used to reduce damage caused to crops by weeds, pests and diseases and to increase yield. They address the soil threat of soil borne pests and diseases .
SQAPP includes 55 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.
- mechanical weed control
- chemical weed control
- biological weed control
- biological pest control
- physical pest control
- chemical pest control
- physical disease control
- chemical disease control
- biological disease control
Water management practices are used to modify the direction and amount of surface water flow, focus water availability for crop growth, prevent transpiration loss and irrigate crops. They address the soil threats of erosion, poor water holding capacity and salinization.
SQAPP includes 88 examples of the world-wide use of the following soil managment practices.
- Diverting water flow
- Intercepting drains
- Subsurface drains
- Surface drains
- Planting pits
- Ridge-furrow systems
- Ridge-furrow systems for perennial crops
- Inorganic mulching
- Water distribution in rangelands
- Drip irrigation
- Surface irrigation
- Pivot irrigation
- Sprinkler irrigation
- Leaching salts
- Minimizing saline water irrigation
- Reduced water use in rice cultivation
- Irrigation optimization
- Supplemental irrigation
- Artificial grassed or paved waterways